Python time strftime() method

The method strftime() converts a tuple or struct_time representing a time as returned by gmtime() or localtime() to a string as specified by the format argument.

If t is not provided, the current time as returned by localtime() is used. format must be a string. An exception ValueError is raised if any field in t is outside of the allowed range.

Syntax

time.strftime(format[, t])

Directive

%a
abbreviated weekday name
%A
full weekday name
%b
abbreviated month name
%B
full month name
%c
preferred date and time representation
%C
century number (the year divided by 100, range 00 to 99)
%d
day of the month (01 to 31)
%D
same as %m/%d/%y
%e
day of the month (1 to 31)
%g
like %G, but without the century
%G
4 digit year corresponding to the ISO week number (see %V).
%h
same as %b
%H
hour, using a 24 hour clock (00 to 23)
%I
hour, using a 12 hour clock (01 to 12)
%j
day of the year (001 to 366)
%m
month (01 to 12)
%M
minute
%n
newline character
%p
either am or pm according to the given time value
%r
time in a.m. and p.m. notation
%R
time in 24 hour notation
%S
second
%t
tab character
%T
current time, equal to %H:%M:%S
%u
weekday as a number (1 to 7), Monday=1. Warning: In Sun Solaris Sunday=1
%U
week number of the current year, starting with the first Sunday as the first day of the first week
%V
The ISO 8601 week number of the current year (01 to 53), where week 1 is the first week that has at least 4 days in the current year, and with Monday as the first day of the week
%W
week number of the current year, starting with the first Monday as the first day of the first week
%w
day of the week as a decimal, Sunday=0
%x
preferred date representation without the time
%X
preferred time representation without the date
%y
year without a century (range 00 to 99)
%Y
year including the century
%Z or %z
time zone or name or abbreviation
%%
a literal % character

Parameters

t This is the time in number of seconds to be formatted.
format This is the directive which would be used to format given time. The following directives can be embedded in the format string

Return Value

This method does not return any value.

Example

import time

t = (2009, 2, 17, 17, 3, 38, 1, 48, 0)
t = time.mktime(t)
print time.strftime("%b %d %Y %H:%M:%S", time.gmtime(t))

Output

Feb 18 2009 01:03:38